Canadian Electrical Industry News Week

Canadian Electrical CodeBy Pierre McDonald

Adopting the Canadian Electrical Code and regulations pertaining to public safety is the responsibility of the provincial and territorial governments. Among the many regulations that provincial legislation mandates are those pertaining to which codes and standards are in force, who can perform trade work, and licensing and permitting requirements. Every province and territory is different, so for any business operating in more than one jurisdiction, understanding the differences can keep you competitive by helping ensure you comply with local requirements and avoid reworks due to out-of-date or incorrect installation practices.

The code adoption process
The adoption process varies in each jurisdiction since the provinces and territories have the right to mandate electrical safety as they see fit. Some jurisdictions will adopt the CE Code as published while others amend certain requirements to fit their needs. The adoption process itself also varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. In some jurisdictions, the CE Code automatically comes into force after a fixed time has passed from the code publication date (e.g., Yukon and Nova Scotia), while other jurisdictions consult with stakeholders and users prior to CE Code adoption. This process could vary from one month to well over a year and perhaps longer depending on government priorities at the time.

Creating an operational framework
Provincial and territorial legislation also provides jurisdictions with the framework necessary to allow for the operation of their safety system. This legislation provides the guidelines necessary for permitting, licensing and inspections. Legislation is paramount over code. For example, if an authority having jurisdiction enacts permit requirements in a regulation, the permit requirement of Rule 2-004 of the CE Code would no longer apply. In fact, most jurisdictions replace many administrative requirements in the CE Code listed from Rules 2-000 through to 2-032 with regulations. Ontario actually deletes them all and replaces them with requirements published in its Ontario Electrical Safety Code.

The permit process
Rules 2-004, 2-008 and 2-010 all apply to the permit process. While all jurisdictions use permits and require permits be obtained before performing electrical work, most jurisdictions have their own regulations and permitting process (see Rule 2-005 of the OESC for “Application of Inspection,” which is the term used instead of “Permit”). Permits allow for access to expert advice, a record of the project and a record of persons having done their due diligence. They also provide, in most cases, for a trigger at the early stages of a project for plans or design review. Finally, the permit is the vehicle that may initiate the inspection process.

Who is eligible for a permit
The person eligible to obtain a permit varies by jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions require the recipient of the permit to be a Master Electrician (Alberta). Others require the recipient to be licensed (Saskatchewan, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island), and yet others require both in most instances (British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec).

When permits aren’t required
Not all installations require a permit. For example, accredited corporations in Alberta do not require permits for work performed under their care and control. Corporations can be accredited by Alberta’s Safety Codes Council to administer the code within their boundaries. Permits are also not required in most parts of Canada where a like-for-like replacement takes place and electrical characteristics of the circuit do not change. Examples of this type of work would include replacing a luminaire or burned-out motor with the same product.

Annual and homeowner permits
The administrative rules of the CE Code that cover permits do not broach the topic of annual permits or homeowner permits. Most jurisdictions allow for both through legislation. Annual permits are for industrial, large commercial or institutional facilities that constantly perform minor electrical installations and upgrades. These permits eliminate the need to obtain individual permits for every job required throughout the year. The homeowner permit is strictly for homeowners, provided they live within the home. Most jurisdictions allow for homeowner permits and there are usually several requirements associated with their use.

Plans and specifications
Rule 2-014, Plans and Specifications is another administrative rule that most jurisdictions legislate outside the CE Code. Plans and specifications are sometimes required for review when the dollar value of an electrical installation exceeds a set value or when the authority having jurisdication (AHJ) deems the installation to be of a higher risk. This implies that more expensive installations typically indicate a more complex electrical system. A plans and specifications review could be viewed as a positive process as it can actually save money if electrical code violations are caught before they are committed. While most jurisdictions have different requirements, they all require that plans and specifications for electrical installations in clinics, hospitals and hazardous locations, as well as fire alarm systems and three phase installations be submitted to the inspection authority for review.

Approved equipment
The Rule for Approved Equipment, 2-024, is used by some jurisdictions to define approved equipment while others mandate approval through their own legislation. In either case, the industry understands approval to mean equipment certified to a Canadian standard and bearing evidence of this certification with a mark from a certification body accredited by the Standards Council of Canada (see Canada’s Electrical Safety System http://electricalindustry.ca/index.php/latest-news/40-latest-articles/224-canada-s-electrical-safety-system-understanding-the-drivers-of-change ) from the January 7 issue of Electrical Industry Newsweek).

 

Other articles by this author:

2015 CE Code: Changes on “Approved Electrical Equipment” 

Code and Public Safety 

Section 62: Fixed Electric Heating Systems 

Now Available: CAN/ULC Standard on Electric Utility Workplace Electrical Safety

Establishing When the CE Code Becomes Mandatory 

UL Code Link 

CAN/ULC-S576-14, Standard for Mass Notification System Equipment and Accessories 

Canadian CE Code Changes: Section 20 and More 

Meeting National Building Code of Canada Requirements 

Conductor Ampacities and Their Temperature Rating 

Changes to Section 12 Wiring Methods 

Section 4 Conductors — Changes from the Canadian Electrical Code’s 2009, 21st Edition to the 2012, 22nd Edition 


      Salex Welcomes New Partner: Senso by Lumini                    

LDS Salex Spotlight 400Salex is pleased to announce a new partnership with Senso by Luminii – a Canadian manufacturer of locally made LED fixtures. As of August 6, Salex will represent their lighting products in the Southwestern Ontario region.

With every product, Senso Lighting pursues a vision of providing flexible and environmentally conscious lighting solutions to upgrade the typical fluorescent office. For over ten years, the Canadian manufacturer has specialized in LED technology and embarks on a mission to illuminate commercial spaces with custom solutions that are beautiful, economical and sustainable.


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Changing Scene

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With the world changing at an unprecedented pace, companies today must respond quickly, responsibly. Discover the best strategies and latest technologies to help you thrive in the new normal. 

 

 

 

 

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BCEA SparkBCBCEA's next Professional Development series will be on 2018 Updates & 2021 Code Changes with Ted Gilbert. Ted Gilbert is a well-known industry expert and a certified Master Electrician with over 30 years as an electrical contractor, electrician, code change instructor and Safety Officer with Technical Safety BC. He is a Senior Instructor with SparkBC Technical Training and currently teaches code change courses across BC.

Ted’s presentation will focus on the new or revised Rules pertaining to safety of personnel and protection of electrical equipment. These Rule changes are found in the BC Electrical Code in Sections 2,4,8,10,12,16,26 and 78.

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AEAThe Alberta Electrical Alliance have partnered with Mansfield Technical Services to provide training on the 24th Edition of the Canadian Electrical Code. 

The course will cover changes in the Canadian Electrical Code to keep you current with safety standards for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment.

Participants will learn:
  • 2018 Canadian Electrical Code 24th edition
  • Over 535 rule changes and 76 table changes
  • 69 new or revised special terminology and definition changes

 

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Michelle BraniganBy Michelle Branigan

In the past few months, the term “she-cession” has been used to refer to the disproportionate impact that the COVID-19 pandemic is having on women’s participation in the workforce. Current Canadian numbers show that more women than men have lost their jobs, and fewer women than men have been able to get them back as workplaces re-open.

In Canadian electricity, women make up 26% of the workforce before taking into account the effects of the pandemic. In this situation, even small losses to women’s participation in electricity will have a detrimental impact on the sector.

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Product News

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Jesco No-Pixel Flexible LED Strip• A continuous band of flawless light output with no pixelated hot spots – even without a lens
• 3-Step MacAdam LED binning for uniformity in both color and intensity
• 2oz. PCB thickness for optimal thermal management
• Solder pads are gold plated providing exceptional electrical connectivity and are corrosion-free.
• Field-cuttable
• Cut ends can be linked with connectors. No soldering required.
• Easy installation with 3M® adhesive tape

 

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FLIR Systems Exx-Series Handheld Thermal CameraFLIR Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: FLIR) today announced four new additions to its Exx-Series of advanced thermal imaging cameras: the E96, E86, E76 and E54. Compared to predecessor Exx-Series cameras, the new cameras offer enhanced thermal resolution for more vibrant, easy-to-read images and on-camera routing capability to improve field survey efficiency.

The new Exx-Series cameras are designed to help professionals detect the early signs of building issues, identify hot spots, troubleshoot electrical and mechanical systems, and prevent problems before they cause damage that leads to expensive repairs.

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Peers & Profiles

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Dee DurantDee Durant is an industrial electrician apprentice attending Conestoga College and an Ambassador for Kick Ass Careers. As an ambassador for KickAss Careers she spent time shadowing mentor and KickAss founder Jamie McMillan attending events for the organization.

The advancement of women in male dominated industries is an important endeavor for Durant, inspired by her mother, who was the first woman on the Brantford Police department. In EIN's interview with Durant, she discussed the future of electrical work, and how the ongoing pandemic is affecting our country’s students.

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ABBFor more than a century, ABB has been investing in Canadian technologies and products to support the development of local businesses.

Canada has been known around the world for its delicious maple syrup and warm winter coats. But it is also a place for innovation, certainly for technology leader ABB, which has partnered with several Canadian customers to foster industrial transformation and manufacture products that suit their specific needs for over a century. Across Canada, ABB experts build the most trusted products in North America.

 

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