Canadian Electrical Industry News Week

December 2, 2016 

By Wasim Khan

Several recent digital and smart manufacturing technologies, as well as design innovations in internet connectivity are leading the Internet of Things (IoT) to become a revolutionary technology in transforming modern day living.

Though the inception of IoT began in the context of supply chain management, it is evolving into a wide range of applications such as transport, utilities, industrial automation, healthcare, building and home automation, etc. The smart connectivity with existing networks through IoT results in ubiquitous computing without the aid of human intervention.

What is the Internet of Things (IOT)?

IoT is an emerging paradigm of Internet connected things that allow the physical objects or things to connect, interact and communicate with one another similar to the way humans talk through the web in today’s environment. It connects systems, sensors and actuator instruments to the broader Internet.

The applications of IoT are not limited to particular fields, but span a wide range of applications such as energy systems, homes, industries, cities, logistics, health, agriculture, and so on.

The goal of IoT is not only just connecting things such as machines, devices and appliances, but also allowing the things to communicate, exchanging control data and other necessary information while executing applications.

It consists of IoT devices that have unique identities and are capable of performing remote sensing, monitoring and actuating tasks. These devices are capable of interacting with one another directly or indirectly. Data collection is performed locally or remotely via centralized servers or cloud based applications. These devices may be data collection devices to which various sensors are attached such as temperature, humidity, light, etc., or they may be data actuating devices to which actuators are connected, such as relays.

It is a global network in which computers, sensors and actuators are interconnected through internet protocols. For example, consider the figure below in which a computer communicates with a device consisting of sensor, over the Internet. The TCP/IP protocol is used as internet protocol in such cases.

The Internet of Things is also affecting the industrial sector, especially for industrial automation systems in which internet infrastructure provides extensive access to sensors, controls and actuators, with a goal of increasing efficiency.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) collects data from connected devices (i.e., smart connected devices and machines) in the field or plant and then processes this data using sophisticated software and networking tools. The entire IIoT requires a collection of hardware, software, communications and networking technologies.

IoT applications

There will be 26 billion devices connected to the Internet of Things by 2020, according to Gartner Inc. IoT applications are not restricted to specific group of areas, but can be applied to a wide variety of domains whether individual, industry or infrastructure. IoT products are classified based on the type of application. These can be smart wearable, smart city, smart home, smart enterprise, or smart environment. Some of the application areas of IoT are discussed below.

Home and building automation

IOT devices are used to monitor and control electronic, electrical and mechanical systems in homes and buildings in order to improve convenience and safety. The tasks of IoT in this domain include:

  • smart lighting by adapting ambient conditions based switching
  • web application and mobile apps enabled wireless and Internet connected lights
  • smart appliances management and control
  • intrusion detection systems, alarm systems and surveillance systems
  • safety systems such as smoke and gas detection
  • home entertainment management such as video, audio and projectors


IoT deals with real-time optimization of production and supply chain networks in a manufacturing industry by networking sensors, actuators, control systems and machinery together. In the case of process industries, it automates the process controls, service information systems and operator tools using digital controllers, all in order to achieve enhanced productivity and a safe distribution system.

The tasks of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are

  • real-time monitoring and control of processes
  • deploying smart machines, smart sensors, and smart controllers with proprietary communication and internet technologies
  • maximize safety, security and reliability through high precision automation and control


The major area where IoT deals with energy management systems is the smart grid. IoT extends smart grid benefits beyond the automation, distribution and monitoring being done by the utilities. IoT tasks in the field of electrical energy include:

  • advanced metering infrastructure (AMI)
  • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition)
  • smart inverters
  • remote control operation of energy consuming devices

Medical and healthcare systems

Internet of Things technology has caused a certain degree of development in mobile digital medical systems. This enables us to send human body multiple physiological parameters to medical service centres through a wearable multi-parameter sensor network. The tasks of IoT in this field include:

  • remote health monitoring
  • emergency notification systems
  • wearable IoT devices
  • medication remainder
  • real-time infant monitoring


IoT can integrate control, information processing and communications across various transportation systems by establishing an interconnection between drivers or users and vehicles. IoT tasks in transportation include:

  • smart traffic control
  • unmanned autonomous navigation
  • inter and intra vehicular communication
  • automatic transmission for emergency rescue
  • electronic toll collection system
  • safety and road assistance
  • smart parking


IoT in the field of environmental monitoring consists of aligning various environmental parameter sensors with cloud based applications so that weather monitoring, pollution check and early warning systems (such as fire, earthquake and tsunami) can be achieved effectively. IoT duties in this field include:

  • cloud-based weather monitoring
  • noise and air pollution monitoring
  • fire detection systems
  • earthquake and tsunami early warning systems
  • soil condition monitoring

Watch for Part 2, “Examples of IoT usage in the electrical power industry,” in the January 10, 2017 issue of EIN.

Wasim Khan is an electrical engineer and Advertisement & Content Management Team Manager at Electrical Technology, This article was first published online at Electrical Technology and has been lightly edited.

AD Spotlight                                                                                                            

Changing Scene

  • Prev
EFC’s exciting new product section on Electric Vehicle Systems conducted its first face-to-face ...
Canadian battery material specialist Hydro-Québec partners with Mercedes-Benz AG as part ...
Employer response to emerging technologies’ impact on the electricity sector workforce is critical ...
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has published two new standards on ...
This fall, Canada's elite electricians and apprentices will be heading to Nashville, Tennessee for ...
The Electrical industry is “Powering a Changing World” in areas such as digitization, ...
Prior to joining ABB in 2017 as Executive Vice President of the Electrification business, Deschenes ...
The Canadian Apprenticeship Forum-Forum Canadien sur l’Apprentissage (CAF-FCA) has announced ...
The Support Equity and Under-Represented Groups project will address the under-representation of ...

SIemens Light+BuildingAt this year’s Light+Building trade fair, Siemens will showcase its vision for transforming today’s passive buildings into learning and adaptive environments that intelligently interact with people. The company’s focus at this year’s show is “Building the future today”, outlining the innovations that will make this possible. These include cloud-based technologies, digital planning, occupant-centric building automation and services. New solutions for smart electrical infrastructure that seamlessly connects to the Internet of Things (IoT) are also at the core of this transformation.

Read More




Michelle BraniganBy Michelle Branigan

We are in an Age of Disruption. Extant and emerging technologies are driving significant evolution in the way work is done across all sectors of Canada’s economy and no industry, including electricity, will be immune.

Think of the technologies and businesses that have changed the way we live, work and connect with each other. Uber. Airbnb. Spotify. Facebook. Twitter. Duolingo. The list is long and what’s fascinating is that these are companies that did not exist 20 years ago. Yet these are common words in our lexicon today.

Read More



Product News

  • Prev
The LED filament lamps distinguish themselves by their sparkling white light, blending perfectly ...
Stanpro offers a wide range of Linear Fluorescent lamps for all lighting applications and needs. ...
This modern design series is a family of highly efficient and powerful LED flood lights and area ...
Our new 60W and 100W Temporary LED High Bays are the ideal substitute for traditional 250W and 400W ...
These high quality luminaires are equipped with a frosted lens that diffuses the light comfortably. ...
Arlington’s #300 non-metallic cable strap offers the easy way to attach flat NM cable to concrete ...
EiKO's Emergency Batery Kit is an LED emergency driver that allows the same LED fixture to be used ...
The LED Gimbal High Output downlight combines a sleek design with a small aperture without any ...
LPDL (Low Profile Downlight) gives you all the flexibility you need during installation, especially ...
Lumenwerx is pleased to announce the launch of a new suite of acoustic luminaires to reduce ambient ...


Lumenwerx AcoustixLumenwerx is pleased to announce the launch of a new suite of acoustic luminaires to reduce ambient noise – ACOUSTIX family.

Developed in conjunction with acoustics experts, the new ACOUSTIX family of luminaires combines exceptional optics and precision sound absorbing technology to create a new paradigm in acoustic lighting. The lineup’s flagship fixture, the Audia, can increase sound absorption up to 30% more than competing products.



Read More



Peers & Profiles

  • Prev
Tommy Carducci is a 14-year industry veteran working with Seneca Electrical and was one of 18 ...
Legend Power Systems is an innovative Canadian company headquartered out of Vancouver, B.C. Their ...
Founded in 1942, Franklin Empire is Canada’s largest independent electrical distributor.   ...
Nick Foster is Territory Manager, New Brunswick & P.E.I for Leviton. Foster was recently ...
Held from November 7th to 9th in Orlando, Florida and aired on ESPN 2, the Ideal National ...
Headquartered in Vancouver, Legend Power Systems is a global onsite energy management technology ...
LDS caught up with General Manager of EiKO’s Canadian division, Stephen Lee who was kind enough ...
“I had an awesome time, it was a lot of fun,” said Zach Agombar, who competed his way to 8th place ...
Held from November 7th to 9th in Orlando, Florida, and recently aired on ESPN 2, the Ideal National ...
Panel Upgrade Experts is an electrical contracting company started seven years ago by Paul ...


Leviton Nick FosterBy Blake Marchand

Nick Foster is Territory Manager, New Brunswick & P.E.I for Leviton. Foster was recently appointed as the Atlantic Regional Chair for Electro-Federation Canada’s (EFC) Young Professional Network (YPN).

Nick joins newly appointed National Chair, Sean Bernard of Ideal Industries, Ontario Region Chair, Joanna Kwant of Gerrie Electric, and Quebec Region Chair, Jean-Francois Gravel also with Leviton.



Read More



Copper $US Dollar price per pound

Kerrwil Publications Great Place to Work. Certified December 2019 - December 2020

538 Elizabeth Street, Midland,Ontario, Canada L4R2A3 +1 705 527 7666
©2020 All rights reserved

Use of this Site constitutes acceptance of our Privacy Policy (effective 1.1.2016)
The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Kerrwil