Canadian Electrical Industry News Week

Code Changes Roundup

Bill Burr

Read Part 2 Here

Often, users encounter situations where they find themselves at odds with the rules contained in the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (the Code).These situations can occur for designers, consultants, installers, inspectors, manufacturers, students, instructors and standards developers alike, and usually result from a misreading, misunderstanding, misapplication or inability to locate the requirement that is needed or relevant to their tasks.

The Code is a comprehensive document. Sometimes, trying to find information quickly can seem quite daunting.Over the next series of articles, I will provide a guide to help users find their way through this critical document. This is not intended to replace the notes in Appendix B or the explanations of individual requirements contained in the CEC Handbook2, but will hopefully provide some help in navigating the Code.

Introductory pages and preface

The first few pages contain the Table of Contents, the names of the main technical committee and sub-committee members, and the all-important information in the preface. Why is the preface so important? Well, the preface, in addition to a list of reference publications, explains how the Code is organized. This arrangement of the outline provides a road map to finding your way. With this tool you can direct yourself to the exact rule or sub-rule that is the subject of your quest.

The first guidepost, indicated in the preface, is that 

• Sections 0 to 16 and Section 26 are general sections that apply to all installations

• all other sections, which apply to specific situations, amend or supplement these general sections.

The usefuleness of this key distinction will become clearer later in our exploration. The preface doesn't mention this, but Appendix A and C are normative (mandatory), and all the other appendices are informatory (non-mandatory) parts of the Code. The Tables and Drawings pages are also normative. 

Section 0

Moving on to Section 0, we discover the object and scope of the Code, and the definitions of terms contained in the code.

Object

The object states that this Code establishes safety standards for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment, where consideration has been given to the prevention of fire and shock hazards, as well as proper maintenance and operation.It also notes that the Code addresses the fundamental principles of protection for safety contained in Section 13 of IEC 60364-1, which is the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard for low voltage installations (1000 volts or less). You can examine these principles in Appendix K.

We are made aware, by the Object statement, that compliance with the requirements of the Code and proper maintenance will ensure an essentially safe installation, as protection against electric shock, thermal effects, over-current, fault currents, and over-voltage will be met.Also noted is that alternatives to the Code that comply with the fundamental principles of IEC 60364-1 may also be used to achieve safe installations, but only if used in conjunction with acceptable means to assess compliance, by the authorities enforcing the Code.This provision is intended for and usually applies to an industrial installation, under a specific safety management program developed with the authority having jurisdiction. Since the Code is adopted into law by each jurisdiction, any amendments or alternatives must also be adopted into law in that jurisdiction.

Scope

As we move to the Scope statement, we discover that basically all electrical work and equipment is covered by the Code with the exception of

• installations employed by a utility in its function as a power or communication utility

• electric railways

• aircraft

• ships that are not connected to a shore supply for more than five months

If you are looking for rules that apply to a mine or quarry, there are additional requirements in CSA M421.

Definitions

Next up are the definitions. The definitions contained in Section 0 are for specific words or terms used in the Code to aid in understanding and interpretation. An ordinary dictionary meaning applies for any word or term that is not specifically defined in Section 0.These definitions apply generally throughout the CE Code. However, some sections also contain definitions that apply to terms used only in that particular section.It is very important that you check these definitions when reading any specific rules.Although you may have a general idea of the meaning of a term, the Code definition can sometimes affect the application of the rule. 

As an example let's look at the definition of the word Approved(as applied to electrical equipment).It is generally acknowledged that electrical equipment needs to be certified by a certification organization to be approved.But wait! There's more! According to the definition, that certification organization needs to be accredited by the Standards Council of Canada (SCC), and in addition, the product needs to be certified that it meets the requirements of

• CSA safety standards for electrical products (Part II standards), or

• other standards developed by an SCC accredited standards development organization (SDO) or other recognized documents where CSA Standards do not exist for that product.

In the case of non-CSA standards or other recognized documents, they must be correlated with the Code and also must not duplicate standards listed in Appendix A. The definition also conveys alternatively that equipment meeting the requirements of the regulatory authority is also considered approved. This normally refers to field evaluation by an accredited special inspection body that is recognized by the authority having jurisdiction and facilitates the approval of new or limited manufacture products. So you see, a lot of information is contained in this definition of Approved. The Appendix B note on this definition would also be very beneficial to the Code users.

Read the rest of the instalments in the series:
Part 1: Guide to the CE Code, Part I – A Roadmap (Installment 1 in a Series)
Part 2:
A Road Map to the CE Code, Part I – Installment 2
Part 3: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I – Installment 3
Part 4: A Road Map to the CE Code, Part 1 – Installment 4
Part 5: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Installment 5
Part 6: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Installment 6
Part 7: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Installment 7
Part 8: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Installment 8
Part 9:
Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I — Installment 9
Part 10: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1 - Installment 10
Part 11: Guide to the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1 - Installment 11


 

William (Bill) Burr is the former Chair of the Canadian Advisory Council on Electrical Safety (CACES), former Director of Electrical and Elevator Safety for the Province of BC, and former Director of Electrical and Gas Standards Development and former Director of Conformity Assessment at CSA Group. Bill can be reached at Burr and Associates Consulting billburr@gmail.com.

 

Changing Scene

  • Prev
Government Relations Minister Lori Carr announced the transfer of gas and electrical licensing ...
IDEAL continues to recognize the essential work electricians are doing during this global crisis. ...
Total investment in building construction increased 60.1% to $13.4 billion in May, ...
IDEAL Industries recently put together a new supply catalogue focused on panel builders and ...
ECAO is piloting a young leaders group, named Future Leaders Advisory Council (FLAC).   ...
Cooper Lighting extends its commitment to education and support of its customers and specifiers. ...
Stay Wired to Win is a monthly at-home challenge designed to keep your competitive spark going ...
Join the Electrical Contractors Association of Ontario (ECAO) for a live webinar on July 7 at 2:00 ...
Following the latest COVID-19 announcements from the Ontario Government, ESA has decided to ...
Introducing Stay Wired to Win – a series of monthly at-home challenges designed to keep your ...


 

LDS Aug Products Eaton AL Series Dimmers 400Eaton's Wiring Devices AL series dimmers offer a versatile option for any dimming application - fine tune the dimming performance to match your exact needs and change colors as needed to suit any décor.

Color change kits come with three color faceplates, offering design flexibility within one product. Select models are available in 4 different color combination packs.

 

 


Read More

 

ESAAs the government continues a gradual, staged approach to reopen Ontario, ESA is assessing how they can safely resume in-person classroom training while adhering to Ontario Public Health guidelines. ESA is continuing to monitor key public health indicators and Stage 3 restrictions as efforts begin to reschedule previously postponed in-person classroom courses.

If you are registered in a postponed ESA course, they will notify you in the next couple of weeks of the rescheduled date. Please note that online courses are continuing as scheduled.

 

Read More

 


 



Case Study: EikoPro Electric LLC had a customer that had just constructed a new horse barn and was looking to light it quickly. The barn was designed to be lit with ten high bay lights for maximum efficacy and efficiency. Together with EiKO’s distributor partner, Platt Electric Redmond located in Redmond, Oregon, Pro Electric selected the EiKO 200W BAY-C high bay fixture, which puts out an impressive 30,000+ lumens at a 5000K color temperature. This high lumen output and the long life of the fixture – 72,000 hours – made it an ideal choice for the application.

Obviously, when lighting a barn, the security and safety of the animals, riders, and care givers is paramount. EiKO’s LED high bay products fill the space with light, eliminating shadows and blind spots.

Read More

Product News

  • Prev
Beluce has developed a line of social distancing signs and “face covering required” signs to remind ...
Eaton's Wiring Devices AL series dimmers offer a versatile option for any dimming application - ...
The YDD-L is an energy-efficient dusk to dawn yard light. It was designed for barns and ...
Arani's single-sided LED plastic running man sign comes in 2 versions: with battery, and without ...
With three shapes and 14 sizes available, Lumewerx’s latest addition to the Pop family comes in ...
Midwest’s Metallic RV power centers are a cost-effective favorite among campground owners ...
The IDEAL SLK® Disconnect Fuse Kit is a waterproof breakaway safety device that ...
The LED Edge-Lit ceiling luminaire has a very slim design for a modern and minimalist ...
The Green Cable Surface is synonymous with flexibility.      
Bri-Thin cables are an alternative to floor heating mats for tile and stone flooring. With high ...


 

Yard LightThe YDD-L is an energy-efficient dusk to dawn yard light. It was designed for barns and farms. It is a versatile and economic light source that is good on the environment and uses long-life LED’s. The YDD-L comes standard with photo control which helps to provide significant power savings.

Lens
Polycarbonate diffused lens encloses high performance LEDs.

 

 

 

Read More

 


 

Peers & Profiles

  • Prev
At fourteen, Tom Miguel was sitting in the counselor’s office of Silverthorn Collegiate ...
Meredith Halfpenny is a Wind Site Technician with Boralex where she inspects, maintains, and ...
Rutul Bhavsar is a final year Electrical Engineering student at Mohawk College. He recently ...
Shannon Tymosko is a first-year apprentice with IBEW (International Brotherhood of Electrical ...
ELG Electric is an electrical contractor based out of Goderich, Ontario serving the area’s ...
Founded by Warren Osak, Electromate specializes in Robotic and Mechatronic Solutions, distributing ...
 Will West is a first-year apprentice working in the solar industry with Hakai Energy ...
“It’s definitely the Olympics of our trade,” said Lance Giesbrecht of the Ideal National ...
Tommy Carducci is a 14-year industry veteran working with Seneca Electrical and was one of 18 ...
Legend Power Systems is an innovative Canadian company headquartered out of Vancouver, B.C. Their ...


Tom MiguelBy Sarah PickardTom Miguel

At 14, Tom Miguel was sitting in the counselor’s office of Silverthorn Collegiate Institute in Etobicoke with his entire life ahead of him. In 1981, the world was changing, and like so many young men and women, he was faced with a world of choices that would go on to define both his career and his life.

It was in this office that some counsellor suggested becoming an electrician, and Tom’s interest was piqued. “I knew from that point on what field of studies I needed to focus on to become an electrician,” Tom said.

 

Read More

 


Rutul Bhavsar 1 400By Blake Marchand

Rutul Bhavsar is a final year Electrical Engineering student at Mohawk College. He recently co-authored a whitepaper on Mohawk College’s Joyce Centre for Partnership & Innovation discussing the technologies utilized in the state-of-the-art zero-carbon/carbon-neutral facility. Rutul was the lead author on the project, supported by Dr. Mariano Arriaga, General Manager of Mohawk’s Energy and Power Innovation Centre (EPIC) and Dr. Tony Cupido Research Chair, Sustainability at Mohawk College. Rutul’s interests lie in the more progressive areas of the industry, automation, control, and energy efficient technologies.

Read More


 

Copper $US Dollar price per pound

Kerrwil Publications Great Place to Work. Certified December 2019 - December 2020

538 Elizabeth Street, Midland,Ontario, Canada L4R2A3 +1 705 527 7666
©2020 All rights reserved

Use of this Site constitutes acceptance of our Privacy Policy (effective 1.1.2016)
The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Kerrwil